The Second Spanish Republic

The Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed on 14 April 1931, after the abdication and exile of Alfonso XIII. General elections in June 1931 gave a large majority to Republicans and Socialists, bringing to power a centre-left coalition, though its partners were immediately divided by their goals.

A cornerstone of the Republic’s social policy was centred on building schools – creating some 16,000 centres across Spain between 1931 and Franco’s victory in 1939. This would be its crowning achievement.

Children’s Catalan writing book. Bon Company, 1935.